Holy Dormition Monastery & St. Demetrios
The monastery is Komnenian Byzantine monastery in Kissavos, near the town of Larissa Orifice. Founded by Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and the full name is Komnineios Monastery Virgin Mary and St. Demetrius (or Our Lady of Komnenian Oikonomeiou). The monastery of Panagia Oikonomeiou, known as the Monastery of St. Demetrius, on the east side of the forest between the towns of Ossa and Karytsas Outlet. As witnessed by existing archaeological relics in place of an ancient monastery predates pagan temple dedicated to an unknown deity. In the case of G. and N. Georgiadis Esphigmenitis the ancient temple belonged to Poseidon Petraion which honored and celebrated the Thessalians in memory of the great earthquake that separated Ossa from Olympus, a work attributed to Poseidon.
In the same place of the ancient temple built in AD, D and E century, a Byzantine church. The French traveler Mezieres when he visited the monastery in 1852 learned from the old abbot of the monastery that according to tradition, the monastery was founded during the empire of Justinian (527-556m.Ch.). The same information and the abbot gave Zechariah who lived there 54 years ago and the Russian archimandrite Purple Ouspensky who visited the monastery in 1859. The information may be true. Though the monastery has long called Komnineion, evidence against the bishop Ambrose Platamonas that is ‘institution of the Royal Family of Komninos’. During the dynasty of Komninos be founded splendid royal monastery in place of the existing small Byzantine church.
The temple was Komnineios broad dimensions (26 * 16m). Type triconch cross with four chapels in the four corners connected with the whole architectural structure. Both the architectural style of the four chapels and external diligent masonry consisting of brick and carved stones placed alternately in the zones are rare case of high architectural design. The monastery bears the name or Oikonomeion Oikonomeio, probably from the name of the dissolved during 10 years in 1860 Oikonomeio small settlement, which was near where Butler lived in the Monastery. Also, the Convent, which is dedicated to the Virgin Mary called the Monastery of St. Demetrius. When Ouspensky rename this may have happened in 1578, settling there by the monks who arrived there from another monastery of St. Demetrius. The same visitor in 1859, says he saw a Gospel that was considered to have belonged to Bishop Larissa Achilles, on which the bishop Platamonas Dennis wrote in 1583 that “this belongs to Oikonomeio, the monastery of St. Demetrius.” This is probably the oldest evidence for the name of St. Demetrius. For this famous tetravangelo, tradition said to have belonged to St. Achilles Larissa Bishop who had participated in the Ecumenical Council of Nicaea in 325 AD It was written on parchment in gold letters with tact, adorned with miniatures and comments in the marginsThe Mezieres who says he left the monastery with handwritten codes 15 and 20 other publications, he regretted it was unable to get the gospel is because the monk asked him at least 4,000 Turkish piastre to give his. Other visitor and the other, the Ouspensky says that the monastery brought him fame in the Gospel of St. Achilles, which was kept there and who actually saw. That man started from Larissa and traveled a distance by donkey to the Gospel. Finally, the Gospel is not spared from wandering charlatans and forgetful of haggling monk. The monastery, according to information from the Patriarchate of Constantinople Protonotariou / Th Zygomalas city had 300 monks. The Zygomalas visited in the years 1576 – 1577 the monasteries by order of the Patriarch of Constantinople / city to collect dues from the monasteries of patriarchal rights. When he returned to Constantinople he wrote several letters containing information on monasteries. For the monastery “Virgin of Oikonomeiou” says he had 300 monks. The housing of so many monks presupposes the existence of such sites and this may mean in the referenced delegate Leonardo I. “below the monastery so they were several ruins of ancient monasteries.” But we must bear in mind that in the same area parathalassios, discovered tombs of the 6th century that obviously belonged to the ancient city of Evrymenon. That area has been inhabited before. The monastery was destroyed during the years of Ottoman rule and especially during the revolution of 1821. But even worse happened in 1868, when burned by demented abbot of the monastery and seized all land and movable property. Then lost the last precious relics and destroyed the file and its rich library. Some of these rare manuscripts sold at cheap price peddlers and looters, as in Mezieres and French are now in the National Library of Paris. The future research in European libraries might identify elements that illuminate the history of the Monastery. The monastery of St. Demetrius situated in a wooded area a safe haven for the persecuted Greeks during the Turkish occupation. The Turks rarely approached the area and only with great force army climbed up to the monastery. During the Revolution of 1821 the monastery was an important service to kleftarmatolous fighters. Then made repeated raids of the Turks who destroyed many artifacts and manuscript library of codes. The dense forest with lush vegetation make the area inaccessible to the Turkish authorities. There are boats fled with fugitive families from anthroposfagi of Chios in 1822. Two of the boats managed to escape the massacre of Chios (then slaughtered 30,000 women), crossed the Aegean Sea and the Bay came out of the orifice. From there, the families who survived and settled climb through the dense forest. But after the revolution of 1821, the monastery continued his contribution to the struggle against the Turks. So always considered suspect by the Turkish authorities.
Thus, we see the encircled June 1831 by Agha Hasan with 500 soldiers searching for the thieves. During the occupation period 1941 – 1944 the Abbey received another blow from the occupier. The years went by, the catastrophic events in history were pandamator years and hit the once thriving historic abbey ruins in the changing. Now, next to the ancient monastery has erected a magnificent new convent, an institution in 15 years. Anyone who wants to admire the beauty of the landscape and to praise axiosyni of manpower Theoklitos of 10 monks who own prestigious building erected, has only to visit this sacred and historic space..